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P.O.Box 8944, Moshi Tanzania, East Africa
firstname.lastname@example.org +255 713 969696 (TZ) +44 7908 991754 (UK)
Environmental degradation in Tanzania is happening mostly outside protected areas. Given the vastness of the country and the bad infrastructure, it is very difficult to monitor what is happening in rural areas. It is in these areas, where people are still directly dependant on natural resources for survival, where conservation programs are most needed. Grassroots Tanzania is currently operating in an area covered by Eastern Miombo Woodland. This kind of forest, typical of semi-arid regions in sub-saharian Africa, is very vulnerable to disturbance. Once the tree cover is removed the nutrients in the soil are rapidly washed away and fertility is lost within 3 to 5 years. The map below shows recent forest cover lost in our area of work.
As more and more land is cleared, soil erosion problems emerge, rain patterns change and the water sources start to dry out. All of these has, in turn, an impact in agricultural outputs and in the quality of life of the communities. This is a vicious cycle that is very common in rural areas in developing countries. To stop this situation it is important to find an equilibrium between human needs and use of natural resources that is beneficial for both parties.
The main objectives of the conservation programs are:
- Completely stop deforestation in our private area and start a reforestation program
- Use this area as a laboratory for reforestation techniques and to determine viable species
- Determine the main causes of the deforestation of the areas that belong to the community
- Through bee keeping provide incentives to reforestation and forest conservation
- Look for viable alternatives to slash and burn agriculture
- Establish a monitoring program for forest recovery
- Determine indicator species of ecosystem's health and do periodical surveys in order to evaluate the impact of the project over time